Tabriz (pronounced [tæbˈriːz] ( listen)) (Persian: تبریز; Azerbaijani: تبریز) is the most populated city in Iranian Azerbaijan,
one of the historical capitals of Iran and the present capital of East Azerbaijan province.
Located in the Quru River valley, between long ridges of volcanic cones in the Sahand and Eynalimountains, Tabriz’s elevation ranges between 1,350 and 1,600 metres (4,430 and 5,250 ft) above sea level.
The valley opens up into a plain that gently slopes down to the eastern shores of Lake Urmia, 60 kilometres (37 miles) to the west.
With cold winters and temperate summers, Tabriz is considered a summer resort.
It was named World Carpet Weaving City by the World Crafts Council in October 2015 and Exemplary Tourist City of 2018 by the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.
Tabriz was chosen as the capital by several rulers commencing from the time ofAtropates.
It was the capital of the Ilkhanate(Mongol) dynasty since 1265.
During theGhazan Khan era, who came into power in 1295, the city reached its highest splendour.
The later realm stretched from the Amu Daryain the East to the Egypt borders in the West and from the Caucasus in the North to the Indian Ocean in the South.
It was again the capital of Iran during the Qara Qoyunludynasty from 1375 to 1468 and then during the Ag Qoyunlu within 1468–1501. Finally,
it was capital of the Iranian Empire in theSafavid period from 1501 until their defeat in 1555.
During the Qajar dynasty, Tabriz was used as residence center of Iranian Crown Prince (1794–1925)
By virtue of its situation, Tabriz has an agreeable summer climate,
but the cold in winter is severe. Altogether it has a continental climate with low humidity.
The average annual rainfall is 288 mm and the average snowfall days are 31
Tabriz contains many historical monuments, representing Iran’s architectural transition throughout its deep history.
Most of Tabriz’s preserved historical sites belong to Ilkhanid,Safavid and Qajar.
Among these is the grand Bazaar of Tabriz, inscribed as a World Heritage Site in 2010.
From the early modern era, Tabriz was pivotal in the development, movement and economy of three neighbouring regions;
namely theCaucasus, Eastern Anatolia and Central Iran.
From the 19th century, it became the most important city in the country in many respects.
As Iran’s closest hub to Europe, many aspects of early modernisation in Iran began in Tabriz.
Prior to forced ceding ofIran’s Caucasian territories to Imperial Russia,
following two Russo-Persian Wars in the first half of the 19th century,
Tabriz was at the forefront of Iranian rule over its Caucasian territories due to proximity.
Throughout most of the Qajar period (up to 1925), it functioned as the seat of the crown prince
El Goli (formerly Shah Goli) A superb park around a square artificial pond. In the center, a small hall is on an island and hosts a restaurant.
Very nice for eating some tchelokebab or sip some tea while enjoying the freshness of the park in summer
is one of the oldest bazaars of the Middle East and the largest covered bazaar in the world.
It was inscribed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in July 2010.
Tabriz has been a place of cultural exchange since antiquity and its historic bazaar complex is one of the most important commercial centres on the Silk Road.
Located in the center of the city of Tabriz, Iran,
this spectacular structure consists of several sub-bazaars, such as Amir Bazaar (for gold and jewelry), Mozzafarieh (a carpet bazaar),
a shoe bazaar, and many other ones for various goods.
The most prosperous time of Tabriz and it’s bazaar was in 13th century when town became the capital city of Safavid kingdom.
The city lost it’s status as capital in 16th century, but it’s bazaar has been being important as a commercial and economic center.
Although, numerous modern shops and malls have been established nowadays,
the bazaar of Tabriz has remained economic heart of both the city and northwestern of Iran.
It is worthy of mention that Tabriz bazaar has been being an important political place,
and one can point out its importance in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution in the last century and Islamic Revolution in the contemporary time
a troglodytic village 2 hours away from Tabriz.
Great for discovering both the odd beauty of the place and the daily life of an Iranian village, among sheep, donkeys, hens and cats…
Women in printed chadors can go outside and playing kids are all around.
Mullahs obviously don’t bother going there too often.
Resistant walking shoes are mandatory if you want to climb up the village.
A living example of human adaptation to exceptionally unusual natural surroundings, Kandovan village is located 50 km to the south of Tabriz, Osku,
on the northern slopes of a valley at the foothills of Mount Sahand.
A river originating from the Sahand peaks passes through the valley.
There are a number of natural springs to the north of the river, the water from which has traditionally been used for the treatment of kidney stones, according to the locals.
The physical structure of the village looks like images from fairy tales.
Natural cones, scattered over a vast area, serve as human dwellings on rock formations which themselves seem to have been the work certain sculptors.
The road from Tabriz goes through this natural artwork. On getting nearer to the dwellings,
the visitor finds out that large families are living inside two or three of these hollow interconnected cones with features such as openings on their surface playing the role of actual windows.
The lowest cones are used as stables and those on top as the living quarters.
The interiors of the dwellings, usually divided into a living and a bed room, are dimly lit; however, the villagers are used to it. The interconnecting corridors are very narrow.
From the outside, the dwellings look so similar to each other that one may easily get lost in the village. Steep pathways and steps are made of rock pieces for animals as well as human beings.
As the legend goes, the first people to settle here were the soldiers involved in military operations nearly 800 years ago, who found the cones by chance and used them as their temporary camouflage and accommodation.
However, among archaeologists, it is considered to be of Pre-Islamic Period
Kabab(or Kebab), rice, Abgousht (Meat broth) some restaurants serve them all, but if you step inside a more modest Tchelowkebabi,
odds are you won’t have much choice apart from the traditional rice and kebab.
But still you can finid some resturants which serve all, for instance there is a historical bath in tabriz which now has became a traditional resturant and it serves both Abgousht, Kufteh, and other foods.
Kufteh Tabrizi (Meat ball) Tabrizians most popular food; very delicious.
Confectioneries and Dried Nuts there are lots of confectioneries which are speacially for tabriz Qurabiya is one of the most delicious and famous ones,
there are other confectioneries such as Nuga(or Nuqa), others like Ris, there are also lots of other kinds of confectioneries,
you may name Tabriz as the capital city for eating!
Nuts just one thing: you don’t wanna miss them, although they are a bit expensive but it’s worth, they’re very delicious.
you can enjoy Tabriz so much, if you have a guide it will help you out to find and go to lots of monuments and also to save up lots of money,
because they know how to and where to buy things to be affordable so the money you pay for your guide makes you enjoy,
it depends on your luck if you find a good guide or not, but you can ask for it from tourist information.