Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high.
Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat.Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy.
Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough—or any—insulin or doesn’t use insulin well.
Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells.
Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems.
Although diabetes has no cure, you can take steps tomanage your diabetes and stay healthy.
Sometimes people call diabetes “a touch of sugar” or “borderline diabetes.”
These terms suggest that someone doesn’t really have diabetes or has a less serious case, but every case of diabetes is serious
As of 2015, 30.3 million people in the United States, or 9.4 percent of the population, had diabetes.
More than 1 in 4 of them didn’t know they had the disease.
Diabetes affects 1 in 4 people over the age of 65. About 90-95 percent of cases in adults are type 2 diabetes
Over time, high blood glucose leads to problems such as
heart diseasestrokekidney diseaseeye problemsdental diseasenerve damagefoot problems
You can take steps to lower your chances of developing these diabetes-related health problems.
Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, orblood sugar, levels are too high.
Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy. Withtype 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin.
Withtype 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well.
Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood. You can also have prediabetes.
This means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes.
Having prediabetes puts you at a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes
Type 1 DM results from the pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin.
This form was previously referred to as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”.
The cause is unknown.Type 2 DM begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly.
As the disease progresses a lack of insulin may also develop.
This form was previously referred to as “non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (NIDDM) or “adult-onset diabetes”.
The most common cause is excessive body weight and insufficient exercise
Unusual weight loss